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"Give me your tired, your poor

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free

The wretched refuse of your teeming shore

Send these, the homeless, tempest-toss'd to me

I lift my lamp beside the Golden Door."


Hundreds of Oregon Corporations Escape the Minimum Tax


Half of the US Is Broke


The myth of the Christian country


“The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.”

FDR, 2nd Inaugural Address, Jan 20, 1937


A Just Peace


SIP contract online


Middle East friendship chart


Corporations enriching shareholders


- Intel tax abatements

- INTEL, come clean!

- Leashing INTEL  

- Free to Be Hungry


Facts not fiction on universal gun background checks



"Injustice anywhere is injustice everywhere"

Letter from Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963

Martin Luther King, Jr.

The GOP - Not One of US.

Wall Street, our new criminal class...       

   Business in the USA is sitting on $2 trillion dollars refusing to invest their own funds in expanding and hiring workers.  

   When one adds to this the reserves that banks, equity firms and hedge funds have - the picture is clear - "capitalism in the USA is on strike." 

   The engine of our economy - the spirit of entrepreneurship is not in evidence today.  So much for business being dynamic and risk taking. 

   They hire K- Street lobbyists and their ilk at the state level because they are averse to risk taking - pleading for tax breaks, tax credits and endless loopholes. 

   The "business of business" in America today is not about job creation, it's about wealth hoarding and redistribution from the middle class to the top 1%. 

   So for those who claim government doesn't create jobs, my response is that business doesn't either until given "corporate welfare" by government.  The fact is that the private and public sector are highly integrated, something the anti-tax, anti-government Tea Party types don't understand. 

   Job creation requires public/private partnerships but the benefits of such collaboration should go to the 99% not just the 1%.  





  • An Independent View

Oregon Outpost

  • A Middle East View      

Rami G. Khouri

  • RealClearPolitics:


  • Jim Hightower:

  • Robert Reich:

Robert Reich

  • Thomas Friedman: 

Friedman Column

  • Nicholas Kristof: 

Kristof Column

Oregon's Motto: 

She flies with her own wings! 

Hard Times in Oregon: 


The Oregon story - the rich get richer, the poor and middle class lose ground.  Check this front page Oregonian article out. 

Oregon wage gap widens

Homelessness in Oregon - a call to action

Chuck Currie The crisis of homelessness


      Oregon's coming 34th out of 41 states in the Obama "Race to the Top" illustrates the failure of leadership from Governor Kitzhaber and his predecessors as they have built an educational bridge to nowhere called high stakes testing.

   Instead of being in a race to the top we seem to be dumpster diving to the bottom despite doing education reform since 1991.  Insanity is termed doing the same thing over and over again.  When can we put a fork in this stupidity? 

   To confuse matters more the Oregonian's editorial board has pontificated that this was a lost opportunity to get federal funding for innovation.  How firing principals and teachers equals innovation is a mystery to me.   

   The way to reform schools is to reduce class sizes, to encourage teacher collaboration and to support their continued education.  High stakes testing and performance based assessment of teachers are NOT the answer!    

   If you want students to succeed you first have to resolve the issues they confront before they come to school.  Children who face poverty, hunger, homelessness, health care issues and family instability require wrap around services for them and their families, 24/7.   

   Every child needs a safe home of their own and parents who know how to be good parents.   

There is only one way to address this impending crisis.  Schools must have a stable source of funding. Until that happens - we will limp from crisis to crisis.   




    Why does the richest nation in the world have the moral blight of homeless people?

Invisible People


    Connecting the dots between homelessness & hunger in Oregon and Washington County: 


•    The faces of the homeless are families with children, single men and women, vets, and many who are impaired. It is estimated that in Washington County up to 56% of homelessness occurs to families.


•    Hunger is highest among single mother households (10%) and poor families (15%) as well as renters, unemployed workers and minority households. 

     In Washington County, Oregon's "economic engine," the divide between the affluent and the working poor continues.  We have a 19,000 unit gap in affordable low income rental housing.  County political and business leaders are indifferent to this crisis...   

A RAD rhetorical question - Were Madison & Marx "Marxists"?  


"History records that the money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit, and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments."   

- James Madison


"Philosophers have only interpreted the world in different ways. The point is, however, to change it. 

- Karl Marx



































RAD Lines

The Donald idiocy - "build a wall..."  


#1445: Tommy, Riposa in Pace

requiescat in pace


"There are men who believe that democracy... is limited or measured by a kind of mystical and artificial fate [and that] tyranny and slavery have become the surging wave of the future..." 

FDR, 3rd Inaugural Address, Jan 20, 1941


Obamacare is working in Oregon!

Oregon's uninsurance rate cut more than half following federal health reforms


Mourning for a Judaism Being Murdered by Israel


Taking on the Pro-Israel Lobby 


Sign the petition ►

Walgreens - pay your fair share of taxes!

"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws." - Mayer Amschel Rothschild

Miguel de Cervantes, from The Duke - "I accuse you of being an idealist, a bad poet and an honest man."  Cervantes' response - "Guilty as charged, I have never had the courage to believe in nothing."   from Man of La Mancha  

Intel failed to report fluoride emissions for almost 30 years   

     Why do Intel employees who are house hunting in Hillsboro, Aloha or Beaverton refer to an area within a 5 mile radius of Intel plants as "the dead zone?"  

      Do they know something we don't?  We couldn't trust banks "too big to fail," so why should we trust Intel?

Professor Kingfield, from the Paper Chase

   "I'm not a teacher: only a fellow traveler of whom you asked the way. I pointed ahead – ahead of myself as well as you." 

- George Bernard Shaw



From the Left Wing:

Paul Krugman

Paul Krugman - The New York Times

Democracy Now

The Daily Kos

Blue Oregon


"Children are made readers on the laps of their parents." 

- Emilie Buchwald 


    "Although we may never know with complete certainty the identity of the winner of this year’s Presidential election, the identity of the loser is perfectly clear. It is the Nation’s confidence in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law." 

- Justice John Paul Stevens, Bush v. Gore, 2001

    The state of our union - check out the map, it's a reality check for those who can't figure out why people are so ticked off... 


    Here's Garrison Keillor's rap on the rightwingnuts:   



     Garrison Keillor - "...The Founding Fathers intended the Senate to be a fount of wisdom... but when you consider...  moon-faced Mitch McConnell, your faith in democracy is challenged severely. Any legislative body in which 41 senators from rural states that together represent 10 percent of the population can filibuster you to death is going to be flat-footed, on the verge of paralysis, no matter what. Any time 10 percent of the people can stop 90 percent, it's like driving a bus with a brake pedal for each passenger. That's why Congress has a public approval rating of [11] percent...." 

"Great is the guilt of an unnecessary war"

- John Adams


"Loyalty to country always.  Loyalty to government when it deserves it."  

- Mark Twain  


“Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.”  

- George Santayana 


"The love of one's country is a natural thing.  But why should love stop at the border?" 

- Pablo Casals


"Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, the blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere the ceremony of innocence is drowned; the best lack all conviction, while the worst are full of passionate intensity." 

- William Butler Yeats  


"You see things; and you say, 'Why?'

But I dream things that never were; and I say, "Why not?" 

- George Bernard Shaw, "Back to Methuselah" (1921)


"...the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society...  The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modern legislation, and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of the government..."

- James Madison, Federalist Papers #11

"Why … should we have government? Why not each individual take to himself the whole fruit of his labor, without having any of it taxed away?”  

The legitimate object of government, is to do for the people whatever they need to have done, but which they can not do, at all, or can not do, so well, for themselves – in their separate and individual capacities … There are many such things … roads, bridges and the like; providing for the helpless young and afflicted; common schools … the criminal and civil [justice] departments."

- Abraham Lincoln


Taxes are the price we pay for a civilized society

- Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.


"Parliament is not a congress of ambassadors from different and hostile interests, which interests each must maintain, as an agent and advocate, against other agents and advocates, but Parliament is a deliberative assembly of one nation, with one interest, that of the whole..."

- Edmund Burke 


“It is a maxim among these lawyers that whatever hath been done before may legally be done again, and therefore they take special care to record all the decisions formerly made against common justice and the general reason of mankind.  These, under the name of precedents, they produce as authorities, to justify the most iniquitous opinions.”

- Jonathan Swift


" Every satirist who drew breath has flung pots of ink at this parade of tooting lummoxes and here it is come round again, marching down Main Street, rallying to the cause of William McKinley, hail, hail, the gang’s all here, ta-ra-ra-boom-de-ay."

- Garrison Keillor







































    An article in Wednesday's Metro Section of the Oregonian details the consequences of the disinvestment in higher ed since the passage of Measure 5 in '91.  Along with the obvious issues - fewer course options, larger classes and higher tuition rates there is another hidden cost factor - the lack of quality student advising.
    Students in private liberal arts colleges are carefully advised by faculty, not by counsellors, departmental administrative assistants or their student peers.  It's one of the reasons why students pay more, a lot more to attend such colleges.  Such colleges recruit students on the promise of close faculty-student mentoring.
    So while addressing the obvious let's not forget the more invisible problem.  Students at the U of O, OSU, PSU et al would be helped greatly by a less laissez faire advising system which keeps them on track so that they can graduate on time, which in today's world is not 4 years but 5 years.  Resources should be put into that sector as well.  
    In that sense the role of faculty needs to be reconsidered.  The reward system in the academy is tilted in the direction of research, not mentoring students.  Until that reward system is re-examined, students will be short changed, especially those attending public universities - which by the way offer excellent instruction.
    But students also need to be smarter consumers in the educational market place because ultimately is it they who pay the price of poor decision-making not the universities.  One can get a top notch education at public universities but it takes a more disciplined approach because the mentoring safety net which exists in the private sector is not there. 



By Russell Sadler
    Despite a building backlash against toll roads and highway taxation-by-the-mile schemes, these gimmicks seem to have a mind of their own, grinding ahead despite public opposition that will eventually sink them.
    In Oregon, a “pilot project” is underway to tax vehicles by the mile. Public employee vehicles and some private drivers are installing GPS systems to track when and where they drive. The data are collected when the driver fills the tank at selected gasoline stations and taxes assessed.
    We are assured this data will remain secret and used for no purpose other than determining how much highway tax to pay. But after six years of the Bush administration, such promises are no longer credible.  The only way to protect that kind of intrusive information is not to collect it in the first place.
    But absent intervention by the legislature, this juggernaut just keeps rolling along picking up momentum until it inevitably becomes the way we are taxed to use the highways because it is the only alternative to taxing gasoline by the gallon.
    The future of toll roads is playing itself out in the sprawling suburbs of Virginia including Loudoun County, one of the fastest growing burbs in the country.
    When the Dulles Greenway was opened through farm and forest land in 1995, it was dubbed the “road to nowhere.” Today, the 14 mile, privately-financed toll road connecting the Dulles Toll Road with burgeoning Leesburg is the main artery in this sprawling county featuring titanic traffic jams and a fight over raising the toll from $2.70 one way to $4.80 over the next five years.
    The original owners, Toll Road Investors Partnership II, has lost money since the road opened. It has tripled its debt to $900 million. Despite these chronic losses, The Australian-based Macquarie Infrastructure Group bought a controlling interest in TRIP II and wants to raise tolls so the company makes money. Macquarie also got caught lobbying against improvements to Rt. 7. a road that parallels the Dulles Greenway, to perpetuate congestion and create an “incentive” to pay to use the toll road.
    Macquarie insist it has a right to make money like any other business. Local residents insist a “premium” high-cost, low-congestion toll road was not what they were promised when TRIP II first promised to build a privately-financed highway.
    No one wants to admit this “business model” is failing already.
    Macquarie has been dabbling around the fringes of Oregon’s transportation policy for several years now. They proposed to finance a toll road bypassing major communities in Yamhill County, but concluded the toll road could not make enough money unless a toll was also charged on Highway 99 that ran through the town to compel divers to use their toll road.
    As it become apparent to government officials and private developers that the public is no longer willing to build and maintain unlimited freeways and bypasses that simply generate more traffic, they have apparently decided to use tolls to ration the limited space on the highways, forcing motorists who cannot afford the tolls off the roads so the well-healed can drive with less congestion.
    This concept lacks the public support required to become widespread policy for two reasons.
    First, the 99 year contracts some of these privately-financed projects require locks communities into transportation systems that may become obsolete or cannot be changed by elected officials if public opinion changes in the future. Privately-owned public infrastructure is undemocratic.
    Secondly, rationing space on the highways by raising the price so only people with ready cash or credit can afford them is an affront to the egalitarian principles we all learn in kindergarten: First come, first served; wait your turn; no cuts in line.
    The chronic traffic congestion in some parts of the state, the rising cost of highway maintenance and the rising price of petroleum combine to demonstrate our post-World War II transportation/housing system is not sustainable.
    Yet toll roads, rationing highway space by raising prices and other ideas we are talking about are aimed at sustaining the unsustainable for those with money while the rest of us can just find ways to get along. That is a prescription for a political backlash of the kind we saw last November.
    We need a serious conversation about alternative transportation and housing models for the future and we are not hearing that conversation is Salem this session.
    Editor's Note:  Aside from the problematic nature of privatizing public services, toll roads have minimal appeal in the West.  The most famous toll road in the USA is the PA Turnpike.  Having lived in Pennsylvania next to the PA Turnpike RAD always took other options when possible.
    As RS implies with rational land use planning laws workforce housing should be built near major employment centers to reduce the daily commute.  Of course with Measure 37 out there any chance of rational development is put in serious jeopardy.
    But surely a region which stopped the Mount Hood Freeway has demonstrated there are other options - car pooling, HOV lanes, light rail, trolleys, trams, heavy rail, bus transit, walkable neighborhoods and/or the use of bike paths.  Get heavy trailer trucks off the road and onto rail cars where possible!
    Having gotten stuck in Portland traffic today on the way back from playing a round of golf at Waverley GC - RAD is very glad he doesn't face the daily commute from Lake Oswego on 43, from Vancouver on I-5 or from Washington County on 26.  There's got to be a better way! 



    Dan Lavey, one of Oregon's premier political operatives, opines in today's Oregonian that the state needs to step up and join the pack in the upcoming presidential sweepstakes by moving our presidential primary to February 8, 2008.  If we did this Oregon would be among the 20 plus states to front-load ourselves into a Super Duper Primary on that date.  And I'm certainly in favor of moving Oregon closer to the action.  However, since half the states will be not joining the pack, RAD suggests we create a second tier of states and position ourselves for a March Super Tuesday primary.  That would get us the attention the second tier states deserve and provide some balance to a front loaded process, which begins with the Iowa Caucus and the New Hampshire Primary and then bleeds into the February 5th extravaganza.
    Yes, one half or more of the delegates to the Democratic and Republican presidential conventions will be chosen by February.  But given the good chance that the race to that point will be inconclusive with close contests in both parties a March primary date makes more sense.  Democrats Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and John Edwards will probably be neck and neck after the Super Duper primary, as will their GOP counterparts, John McCain, Mitt Romney and Rudy Giuliani.  In a March primary Oregon could be one of many battle ground states that will play out the role of king makers, not also rans in a February political brawl that will mostly likely offer inconclusive results.  Oregon could offer a scene not unlike New Hampshire and Iowa for a round of retail not just media market campaigning.  Oregon used to play an important role this way in the 1950s and 1960s.
    Timing is everything in politics - so let's take a politically smart risk and avoid the rush to be first out of the blocks.  The victory usually goes to the long distance runner not the sprinter.  In a crowded field with many road bumps along the way who knows how things will play out - "only the shadow knows" and he's not talking!  A March primary date allows us to be one of the "decider" states not one lost in a February cross-country candidate shuffle from airport to airport.



    Now that March Madness is over, MLB is not yet here and we are several weeks away from The Masters, TV programming is a vast wasteland dominated by mind numbing so-called reality shows.  So RAD spent time this evening watching C-SPAN's coverage of the House Oversight & Government Reform Committee chaired by Congressman Henry Waxman (D, Cal).  Hey, my papers are graded, fall grades are in and it's Spring Break time.  Such an exciting life!
    The topic du jour is a dicey little controversy over the Republican appointed administrator of the General Services Administration versus the GSA's own Inspector General.  The main question seems to be is the GSA carrying out its obligation to spend the American taxpayer's dollars wisely when it comes to signing off on government procurement contracts covering $54 billion dollars per year? 
    The GSA has the responsibility to enter into contracts with private contractors which provide services to a wide variety of federal agencies. GSA's mission is to help federal agencies "better serve the public by offering, at best value, superior workplaces, expert solutions, acquisition services, and management policies.  In effect, GSA contracts with private vendors to provide services to carry out the mission of the federal bureaucracy." 
Public Servant or Bush Crony?
    The Inspector General's office functions as an in-house auditor to make sure the administrator of the agency, a political appointee of the President, is carrying out the mission of GSA.  The current GSA Administrator Lurita Alexis Doan has come under fire for a variety of alleged violations, the most serious of them appears to be contracting with Sun Micro Systems contrary to the advise and counsel of the Inspector General Brian Miller.
    The heart of the controversy in the Sun case appears to be that Administrator Doan allowed a contract to be signed which violates the competitive bidding process.  In other words, she is alleged to have ignored the IG's advise and gone ahead in making a deal with Sun Systems which was more costly to the American taxpayer than it could or should have been.  If you smell the odor of another example of the GOP's culture of corruption, your nose is working!
    After watching the shadow boxing between Chairman Henry Waxman (D, Cal) and the ranking GOP Member of the Committee Congressman Tom Davis (R, Cal) as they questioned both witnesses you got a sense of what's wrong with our government.  The boys and girls inside the DC beltway would rather makes sneaky and snide lawyerly points rather than get to the point, or dare RAD suggest - to the truth!
    But as with watching grass grow, if you can keep focused you get the message.  Administrator Doan following a familiar script a la Scooter Libby had trouble remembering details of important meetings, refused to answer questions because they were under investigation by a special prosecutor, seemed generally incompetent and confused at best and at worst may have perjured herself in front of a congressional committee.
    By contrast the hostile questions from GOP hit men to IG Miller were akin to throwing sand in his face by asking tricky questions not germane to the main issue, trying to confuse the witness by interrupting him and asking for "yes" or "no" answers.  As the saying goes - when the facts are on your side argue the facts, when not argue points of law and if neither of those work impeach the credibility of the witness.  God save us from the lawyers who've become politicians!
    As John Quincy Adams once said - "The mere title of lawyer is sufficient to deprive a man of the public confidence... The most innocent and irreproachable life cannot guard a lawyer against the hatred of his fellow citizens."  So on these long winter nights slowly moving to spring when you've had it with reality TV - check out C-SPAN and watch your government at work.
    Hearing the scripted questions of members of Congress is very revealing and maddening at the same time.  Where would these folks be without their handlers?  Frankly many of them don't appear to be too bright on both sides of the aisle!  But such viewing will give you the resolve to throw the bums out in '08 and if you watch carefully you'll figure out who the "real" bums are.  Any relationship to the GOP is of course purely coincidental and in the eye of this beholder.          The rest is up to you dear reader!   Unlike "Dancing with the Stars" you are both judge and jury.  So do your home work. 



Bits & Pieces from CFM OnLine:  "More Clues in Co-chairs' Budget Puzzle", March 27, 2007
    CFM:  Digging deeper into the Ways and Means co-chairs' budget released last week produces a few more clues about winners and losers.  Everyone agrees the budget produced by Senator Kurt Schrader, D-Canby, and Rep. Mary Nolan, D-Portland, makes K-12 education the clear winner, with $139 million more than in Governor Kulongoski's proposed 2007-2009 budget.
    Arguably one of the biggest losers is higher education, which saw reductions in basic university support, a smaller enhancement for need-based student aid, extension services and in bonding for capital construction projects on college campuses. Higher education also will take an indirect hit in cuts in the Innovation Plan that expands and creates signature research centers drawing on university resources. The governor's proposed $38 million investment in research was whittled down to $19 million in the co-chairs' budget.
    RAD:  As an adjunct professor at PSU one sees students struggling to balance fulltime jobs and tuition costs.  It's not uncommon for my PSU students to defer buying their text books until midway into a course, not good education but necessary economics. Affording an education is not an easy task even though tuition in the public sector is far less than my Pacific students pay.  Most of my PSU students are working off campus a lot more than Pacific students who get a lot of scholarship help plus the ubiquitous college loans and work study. 
   CFM:  Another winner in the co-chairs' budget is a $100 million investment in affordable housing, with more than $60 million coming from an increase in document recording fees, which has run into some political static in the Senate. County clerks object to the increased fee, calling it a tax on recording documents that can range from property liens to divorce papers.
    RAD:  Hurray, but don't celebrate yet.  The key here is increasing the documents recording fee.  The county clerks are saying the sky is falling.  This is hardly the case.  After 16 years of waiting for the Housing Trust Fund to be made more robust hopefully the time has come to invest in Oregon families.  And this time we have the realtors on our side.  County clerks vs. Realtors - RAD will take those odds anytime! 
    CFM:  A portion of the co-chairs' budget that will require further elaboration falls under the heading "county partnership." This section describes protection of schools from the loss of federal timber money and a new $50 million fund to pay for county road upkeep. The partnership extends to enhanced services for veterans and community corrections, though some counties have grumbled the co-chairs' budget makes a significant cut in community corrections funding.
    RAD:  Since my Oregon home town is Roseburg RAD knows how important those old O&C monies were to funding schools, county roads, parks and libraries.  Since much of Oregon is owned by the federal government - the USFS and BLM especially - that land is taken off the local property tax rolls.  So the feds have played fair by creating a system of payments in lieu of taxes.
    But let's be honest.  The "locals" in Douglas County et al have gotten so used to the federal "pork" for "impacted areas" that when it comes to passing local levies for schools, cities etc - the voters often thumbed their collective noses because they knew Uncle Sam would bail them out.
    If the fix worked out by Ron Wyden et al to extend the "pork" to 2011 get's sacrificed on the alter of the battle between the President and the Congress over the supplemental budget for the war in Iraq to which the county payments scheme is attached - watch out.  The legislature could be looking at replacing 200 million per year?  That would be a budget buster! 
    CFM:  On a broader scale, the co-chairs' budget appears more sustainable in future biennia than the governor's budget, if for no other reason than it authorizes less capital spending that will absorb General Fund revenue to pay for debt service.
    However, the co-chairs' budget still depends on revenues that aren't certain, so one could still say the budget is aggressive, with a target of more than $15 billion for the next biennium. Expenditures are limited to about $14.9 billion, leaving a projected ending balance of $174 million, which will be the object of many supplicants trying to beef up their spending levels.
    RAD:  As Russell Sadler has been saying we have mortgaged the future of our kids by debt financing of basic services.  So dialing that back is good news.  But again the pain of that decision is being felt by the disinvestment in higher ed.  Given the uncertain future of a cigarette tax increase to support the Kids Health Plan, the gig is not over.  Finally, I thought the $174 million was locked in for the Rainy Day fund. 
    CFM:  The June economic forecast, the final assessment of projected revenue before the legislature adjourns, could add some more revenue to the budget pot and give Ways and Means leaders more money to make enough lawmakers happy to vote for budgets and go home.
    Jockeying has already begun to restore enhanced funding or even squeeze in new spending items. However, nothing major is likely to happen in the next few weeks until after the Ways and Means Committee holds a series of field hearings, scheduled to start April 4 in Eugene and extending through a Saturday hearing, April 14, in Coos Bay.
    RAD:  As an "officially" retired dude RAD carefully watches his retirement portfolio and the stock market.  What if the June forecast turns out to be more opaque than expected?  Housing construction and sales are down.  City Bank just laid a huge managerial egg and the never ending Iraq war money sucking machine bleats on.
    RAD is worried about a June surprise.  Finally, if our legislators were really serious they'd be talking about upping the corporate minimum tax and going after the personal kicker. As they say, it's never over 'till it's over.  Yes, the leadership wants to end the session by June 15 or 29.  RAD will believe it when he see it.   
    Correction:  In a previous blog RAD mistakenly argued that the battle over the budget in DC was the regular budget.  Wrong!  It's over the budget supplemental whose impact will be quick, not delayed until October 1, 2008.  But my point still stands.  If Bush vetos the supplemental because of the congressional timeline on the war, then he will be responsible for not funding the troops not the Democrats or our own Senator Gordan Smith who voted YES for a withdrawal deadline.