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Hundreds of Oregon Corporations Escape the Minimum Tax


Half of the US Is Broke


The myth of the Christian country


Jeb Bush's damning secret history


Red states that mooch


Trust in government is 'dead, Jim'


“The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.”

FDR, 2nd Inaugural Address, Jan 20, 1937


A Just Peace


SIP contract online




Middle East friendship chart


Corporations enriching shareholders


- Intel tax abatements

- INTEL, come clean!

- Leashing INTEL  

- Free to Be Hungry


Facts not fiction on universal gun background checks



"Injustice anywhere is injustice everywhere"

Letter from Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963

Martin Luther King, Jr.

The GOP - Not One of US.

Wall Street, our new criminal class...       

   Business in the USA is sitting on $2 trillion dollars refusing to invest their own funds in expanding and hiring workers.  

   When one adds to this the reserves that banks, equity firms and hedge funds have - the picture is clear - "capitalism in the USA is on strike." 

   The engine of our economy - the spirit of entrepreneurship is not in evidence today.  So much for business being dynamic and risk taking. 

   They hire K- Street lobbyists and their ilk at the state level because they are averse to risk taking - pleading for tax breaks, tax credits and endless loopholes. 

   The "business of business" in America today is not about job creation, it's about wealth hoarding and redistribution from the middle class to the top 1%. 

   So for those who claim government doesn't create jobs, my response is that business doesn't either until given "corporate welfare" by government.  The fact is that the private and public sector are highly integrated, something the anti-tax, anti-government Tea Party types don't understand. 

   Job creation requires public/private partnerships but the benefits of such collaboration should go to the 99% not just the 1%.  





  • An Independent View

Oregon Outpost

  • A Middle East View      

Rami G. Khouri

  • RealClearPolitics:


  • Jim Hightower:

  • Robert Reich:

Robert Reich

  • Thomas Friedman: 

Friedman Column

  • Nicholas Kristof: 

Kristof Column

Oregon's Motto: 

She flies with her own wings! 

Hard Times in Oregon: 


The Oregon story - the rich get richer, the poor and middle class lose ground.  Check this front page Oregonian article out. 

Oregon wage gap widens

Homelessness in Oregon - a call to action

Chuck Currie The crisis of homelessness


      Oregon's coming 34th out of 41 states in the Obama "Race to the Top" illustrates the failure of leadership from Governor Kitzhaber and his predecessors as they have built an educational bridge to nowhere called high stakes testing.

   Instead of being in a race to the top we seem to be dumpster diving to the bottom despite doing education reform since 1991.  Insanity is termed doing the same thing over and over again.  When can we put a fork in this stupidity? 

   To confuse matters more the Oregonian's editorial board has pontificated that this was a lost opportunity to get federal funding for innovation.  How firing principals and teachers equals innovation is a mystery to me.   

   The way to reform schools is to reduce class sizes, to encourage teacher collaboration and to support their continued education.  High stakes testing and performance based assessment of teachers are NOT the answer!    

   If you want students to succeed you first have to resolve the issues they confront before they come to school.  Children who face poverty, hunger, homelessness, health care issues and family instability require wrap around services for them and their families, 24/7.   

   Every child needs a safe home of their own and parents who know how to be good parents.   

There is only one way to address this impending crisis.  Schools must have a stable source of funding. Until that happens - we will limp from crisis to crisis.   




    Why does the richest nation in the world have the moral blight of homeless people?

Invisible People


    Connecting the dots between homelessness, hunger & health care disparities in Oregon and Washington County: 


•    The faces of the homeless are families with children, single men and women, vets, and many who are impaired. It is estimated that in Washington County up to 56% of homelessness occurs to families.


•    Hunger is highest among single mother households (10%) and poor families (15%) as well as renters, unemployed workers and minority households. 

Heath Care Disparities: 

•    Adults in Oregon without insurance represent 22.3% of the state’s population compared to 19.7% of the nation.  In Washington County approximately 

A RAD rhetorical question - Were Madison & Marx "Marxists"?  


"History records that the money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit, and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments."   

- James Madison


"Philosophers have only interpreted the world in different ways. The point is, however, to change it. 

- Karl Marx



































RAD Lines


Putting corporate Oregon ahead of our people


#1445: Tommy, Riposa in Pace

requiescat in pace


"There are men who believe that democracy... is limited or measured by a kind of mystical and artificial fate [and that] tyranny and slavery have become the surging wave of the future..." 

FDR, 3rd Inaugural Address, Jan 20, 1941


Obamacare is working in Oregon!

Oregon's uninsurance rate cut more than half following federal health reforms


Mourning for a Judaism Being Murdered by Israel


Taking on the Pro-Israel Lobby 


Sign the petition ►

Walgreens - pay your fair share of taxes!

"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws." - Mayer Amschel Rothschild

Miguel de Cervantes, from The Duke - "I accuse you of being an idealist, a bad poet and an honest man."  Cervantes' response - "Guilty as charged, I have never had the courage to believe in nothing."   from Man of La Mancha  

Intel failed to report fluoride emissions for almost 30 years   

     Why do Intel employees who are house hunting in Hillsboro, Aloha or Beaverton refer to an area within a 5 mile radius of Intel plants as "the dead zone?"  

      Do they know something we don't?  We couldn't trust banks "too big to fail," so why should we trust Intel?

Professor Kingfield, from the Paper Chase

   "I'm not a teacher: only a fellow traveler of whom you asked the way. I pointed ahead – ahead of myself as well as you." 

- George Bernard Shaw



From the Left Wing:

Paul Krugman

Paul Krugman - The New York Times

Democracy Now

The Daily Kos

Blue Oregon


"Children are made readers on the laps of their parents." 

- Emilie Buchwald 


    "Although we may never know with complete certainty the identity of the winner of this year’s Presidential election, the identity of the loser is perfectly clear. It is the Nation’s confidence in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law." 

- Justice John Paul Stevens, Bush v. Gore, 2001

    The state of our union - check out the map, it's a reality check for those who can't figure out why people are so ticked off... 


    Here's Garrison Keillor's rap on the rightwingnuts:   



     Garrison Keillor - "...The Founding Fathers intended the Senate to be a fount of wisdom... but when you consider...  moon-faced Mitch McConnell, your faith in democracy is challenged severely. Any legislative body in which 41 senators from rural states that together represent 10 percent of the population can filibuster you to death is going to be flat-footed, on the verge of paralysis, no matter what. Any time 10 percent of the people can stop 90 percent, it's like driving a bus with a brake pedal for each passenger. That's why Congress has a public approval rating of [11] percent...." 

"Great is the guilt of an unnecessary war"

- John Adams


"Loyalty to country always.  Loyalty to government when it deserves it."  

- Mark Twain  


“Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.”  

- George Santayana 


"The love of one's country is a natural thing.  But why should love stop at the border?" 

- Pablo Casals


"Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, the blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere the ceremony of innocence is drowned; the best lack all conviction, while the worst are full of passionate intensity." 

- William Butler Yeats  


"You see things; and you say, 'Why?'

But I dream things that never were; and I say, "Why not?" 

- George Bernard Shaw, "Back to Methuselah" (1921)


"...the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society...  The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modern legislation, and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of the government..."

- James Madison, Federalist Papers #11

"Why … should we have government? Why not each individual take to himself the whole fruit of his labor, without having any of it taxed away?”  

The legitimate object of government, is to do for the people whatever they need to have done, but which they can not do, at all, or can not do, so well, for themselves – in their separate and individual capacities … There are many such things … roads, bridges and the like; providing for the helpless young and afflicted; common schools … the criminal and civil [justice] departments."

- Abraham Lincoln


Taxes are the price we pay for a civilized society

- Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.


"Parliament is not a congress of ambassadors from different and hostile interests, which interests each must maintain, as an agent and advocate, against other agents and advocates, but Parliament is a deliberative assembly of one nation, with one interest, that of the whole..."

- Edmund Burke 


“It is a maxim among these lawyers that whatever hath been done before may legally be done again, and therefore they take special care to record all the decisions formerly made against common justice and the general reason of mankind.  These, under the name of precedents, they produce as authorities, to justify the most iniquitous opinions.”

- Jonathan Swift


" Every satirist who drew breath has flung pots of ink at this parade of tooting lummoxes and here it is come round again, marching down Main Street, rallying to the cause of William McKinley, hail, hail, the gang’s all here, ta-ra-ra-boom-de-ay."

- Garrison Keillor







































     I attended a hearing on Tuesday night of our legislature's Joint Ways & Means committee held at PCC-Rock Creek campus north of 185th and the Sunset Highway.  The meeting began at 7 p.m.  When I got there at 6:45 the large meeting room was packed with standing room only.  Lucky for me I found a front row seat.  The W&Ms committee is holding such open meetings all over the state, a tradition.  It's a chance for people who can't get to Salem to "talk truth to power." 

     And "talk truth to power" the audience did and moss of the 14 members of the committee listened intently.  But alas some were buried in their I-pads and when one testifier noted this - all those "buried" eyes shot up and for a moment paid attention.  Having sat in many legislative hearings it's always bugged me that some members just don't keep eye contact with those testifying - they just monitor their I-pads or laptops.  It's like saying "OK, I have to be here but you're not important enough to pay attention to." 

      But I digress.  Again 12 of the 14 legislators were paying attention.  And what they heard was very personal stories from many high school aged and college aged students who talked about how important school based health clinics were for them as they navigated the challenges of youth in these days - being LBGT, facing bullying or the identify crises that come at this time of life.  As I have found with homelessness if you put a face on the issue - people will pay attention. 

     Why is this important?  It's important because too much of our so-called political dialogue (as evidenced in the long rants on my Hillary post coming from both sides) doesn't get beyond the shouting phase to the human face of people's hopes and fears.  We are locked into a debate on things like climate change and closer to home "dirty diesel" in Oregon where both sides have their talking points but they don't hear each other.  They are like two trains passing in the night. 

     Politics ultimately is not about the "facts" it's about how real people are affected by issues like climate change and/or interactions with police (notice I avoided the term "police brutality.')  While in the Puzzle Palace yesterday afternoon I noticed an unusual presence of Oregon State Patrol officers outside the Capitol on bikes and then inside the Dome.  Then I realized why - there was an overflow hearing on gun control - another hot button issue - so a showing of security was in evidence.  Thankfully nothing happened that required action. 

     I didn't attend the hearing but watched a bit it as I passed by the TV monitors as I went on my way to talking to legislator's LAs about housing, homelessness and education funding as a follow-up to the W&M hearing.  But what little I heard was stereotypical.  One young fellow suggested if requiring background checks in private gun sales outside family member exchanges became the law - we would be on the brink of "revolution."  This was an ironic echo from the '60s when the Black Panthers said change "by any means necessary." 

     This is an an example of how raw political rhetoric has become and why it's hard to find a middle ground on any issue.  Frankly, it's amazing anything gets done here or in DC.  The blame doesn't stop with the Super PACS, the flamethrowers in the media from the right and left, or groups like the NRA or NARAL who's default position is to go for the juggler.  I get e-mail every day from the left (since I'm one of them" saying the "sky is falling" if I don't contribute.)  The fault dear Brutus is not in the stars, it's in us.  

     What we need are lessons in active listening...  unless we want to devolve into some Hobbesean state of nature depicted by those "end of times" horror flicks on TV or in movies where Armageddon is upon us and it's every person for themselves  My message is that the system works "if" you give it a chance but the first rule is to stop shouting at each other...   In other words, quit acting like 2 year olds having a fit when you don't get immediate attention!  

     I thanked a Republican legislator's staff for their bosses vote to kill a bad land use bill in committee.  I had already sent him an e-mail message the day before.  I was informed that he was being threatened because of his "no" vote.  As Edward R. Murrow famously said after his broadcasts in the McCarthy era - "good night and good luck."  



     We are not doing enough in Oregon to close the

affordable housing gap nor the achievement gap.

  • 20,000 K-12 Oregon students are homeless every night

  • When you are homeless you also face chronic hunger

  • If a child is homeless & hungry they cannot do well in school

     Governor Brown as her predecessor has pledged $100 million dollars in the next 4 years to stimulate the building of 4000 affordable housing units in Oregon.  Sadly, that goal won’t meet the challenge in Washington County alone where the housing gap is over 19,000 units. 

    We are losing ground in meeting the needs of the homeless – families, students, elderly, veterans and the chronic homeless largely because we have an extremely low vacancy rate with very high rents and local landlords are not willing to rent units to homeless persons. 

     If the richest county in Oregon, the economic hub of our traded sector economy isn't willing to step up to this challenge how will "the Other" Oregon do? 

     With a vacancy rate of less than 2% we aren’t building enough housing for those in need and the private market privileges high-end housing which is creating a gentrification problem in metro area suburbs including Washington County.   

     If something doesn’t change it will take Washington county 160 years to meet the current need for low income rental housing targeted at helping those with incomes of 50% or less of AMI.  

     Now to the education gap.  While the legislature and governor have carved out a significant boost in K-12 funding, the current estimated amount of $7.255 billion dollars is almost 2 billion dollars short of meeting the funding goal established by the Quality Education Model. 

     So what’s the problem? 

     Everyone knows the problem – it’s the long-term consequences of Measure 5 that passed in 1991 and its progeny Measure 47 (1996) and 50 (1997).  It’s also the existence of the personal kicker that is projected to kick again this fall cutting over 300 million out of the General Fund.

    Should the Oregon Supreme Court reverse the PERS reforms of last session our fiscal distress would grow even larger.    

   Until the governor, the legislature and the people of Oregon address the serious funding gaps we face, compounded by too much taxpayer money going to corporate Oregon through SIPS, enterprise zones and tax credits – we will NEVER close the housing gap nor the achievement gap. 

     We will be constantly missing the mark. We can and should do better but until there is the political will to do it – we will be constantly trying to do more with less.  And less in this case means more homeless Oregonians and more school aged children falling through the cracks. 

     We have mortgaged our future on a version of trickle down economics – assuming subsidizing global corporations to stay or come into Oregon will lift all boats.  This investment model began in 1993 – and still the housing gap and achievement gaps remain. 

     It’s time to address the underlying systemic problem – we need more revenue and we can’t rob Peter (the average taxpayer) to pay Paul (corporate Oregon).  This merely increases income inequality in Oregon, as it does in the USA.  Until that problem is addressed we’ll never get ahead of the curve. 

     As Judge Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. said “taxes are the price we pay for a civilized society.”  If Oregon is going to be great – there can be no such thing as a “free lunch” or corporate minimum taxes.  Everyone must contribute to the general welfare proportionate to their wealth. 


     1) Measure 5 in 1990 amended the Oregon Constitution establishing limits on Oregon's property taxes on real estate capping the total property tax rate at 1.5%. Measure 5 was followed up with Measure 47 in 1996 and Measure 50 in 1997. Measure 47 limited the growth of a property's assessed value to 3% maximum per year; Measure 50 cleaned up Measure 47. 



Gun advocates file recall petitions

By Denis C. Theriault The Oregonian/OregonLive

   SALEM — Gun rights activists troubled by surging legislation meant to expand background checks for gun sales have filed recall petitions against three Oregon lawmakers. And they warn more could be on the way.   


     RAD:  I'm very concerned that two of our newly elected Washington County Ds in the legislature, with possibly more to follow, are being targeted for recall in August if the recall advocates get enough signatures.  

     If a recall election is held in August it will be another low voter turnout election where the most motivated voters will decide the issue.  WCCAN members have experience with this "dynamic".  The results last May in the county board races was not pleasant to say the least.  

     I suspect this effort includes a coalition of local NRA members, right wing Christians, Tea Party types with a little help from local Republican leadership here in Washington County - maybe with the TROIKA's blessing, who knows?  What they lost in November they want to make up for in August.    

     SB 941 expands background checks to include private sales. 

    "Requires private person to complete transfer of firearm by appearing with transferee before gun dealer to request criminal background check or shipping or delivering firearm to gun dealer in certain circumstances."

    Go to the testimony of former Police Chief of Portland Mike Reese's testimony using the link above.  He lays out the case for this bill in a reasoned and clear way. 

    The vote in the Senate was mostly a party-line vote.  Of course Betsy Johnson (D, Scappose) voted "no" with the GOP on a 17-13 vote.  No surprise there!  It now goes to the House which may be why House members are being targeted for a recall to try to "kill" the bill in the House.   

     While the generic issue of guns in American life finds public opinion divided, nationwide polls show overwhelming support for "background checks" in the range of 80-90%.  Support for background checks on "private sales" according to a CNN 2013 poll was 70%. 

    For more details see - Polling Report: Guns 

   On Wednesday, a Hillsboro man submitted paperwork against Sen. Chuck Riley, D-Hillsboro, and Rep. Susan McLain, D-Forest Grove, both of whom are in their first terms and part of an expanded Democratic majority enabled, in part, by campaign donations from gun control advocates.


Sen. Riley        Rep. McClain

     Oregonian:  Riley, who narrowly defeated Republican incumbent Bruce Starr, was particularly helped by money from a gun control committee led by former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg. His vote was key to helping Senate Bill 941 pass to the House on a 17-13 vote this week. Both McLain and Riley sponsored the bill.

   On Tuesday, the day of the Senate vote, a Junction City gun shop owner submitted paperwork against House Majority Leader Val Hoyle, D-Eugene. Hoyle, who has courted gun rights advocates, had told The Oregonian/OregonLive she expected SB941 to move quickly through her chamber.

   The actions appear connected, at least informally. They follow a similar effort in Colorado in 2013 that saw two lawmakers lose their posts, including the state’s senate president, over support of bills far more expansive than SB941.

   “We’re not interwoven I would say,” said Ben Busch, the constituent who filed against McLain and Riley. “We’re aware of each others’ actions and support each other where we can. There’s probably more on the way. It wouldn’t surprise me if we have more soon.”

   Busch, who also invoked the lawmakers’ stance on education funding, says he expects to receive financial help from groups he declined to identify. He said a website could be up by the end of this week.

   Riley’s office issued a statement that called the petitions the work of “extreme right-wing groups.”

   “I proudly cast a ‘Yes’ vote on SB941 to close the loophole that allows felons, domestic abusers and people with severe mental illness to get access to a gun,” the senator said in the statement.

   McLain’s office deferred to Hoyle’s office, which issued a statement from McLain: “I ran for office to invest in our classrooms and to work on policies that protect the health and safety of our community. ... I’m proud of everything we’ve accomplished since the start of the session.”

   Hoyle also defended her support of SB941, which extends background checks to private gun sales, as “common sense.”

   “I want to be clear that I won’t be intimidated away from doing what I think is right,” she said. “The recall is an important part of the democratic process and it’s his constitutional right to file the petition. But it’s important to note that I was re-elected by a 12-point margin. I’m confident that I have the support of the majority of the people in my district.”

   In Oregon, it’s been rare for a recall threat to actually hit the ballot. To make a likely August ballot, the recall petitioners now have 90 days to collect enough valid signatures to match 15 percent of the total votes cast for governor last year in each of the elected official’s districts. That number includes write-in votes.

   Officials facing recall, assuming sufficient signatures are turned in, then have five days to resign or file a statement in their defense.

   The election would then be held after an additional 35 days.



     With a super majority in both chambers of the Puzzle Palace one would imagine that the Democratic leadership could summon up the votes to bring about tax reform.  But this issue isn't getting any attention in Salem.  In fact the opposite is happening as my posts have noted - there is a rush by what I term "Intel Ds" and Rs, of course, to give tax breaks across the board to the likes of Google, Comcast, Amazon et al.  This of course comes under the mantra of job creation. (see "Comments)

      When the art of the possible, politics, is reduced to pandering to the 1% it's no longer democratic politics but the politics of the "oligarchs" be it in Putin's Russia or here in Oregon. 

     Aside from the shameless pandering to hi-tech giants who no doubt contribute mighty sums to campaign coffers of legislators on both sides of the aisle, this pandering comes at a high cost to the average taxpayer.   After Intel successfully "negotiated" its latest SIP with Washington County last spring many were abuzz about how Intel employees would move into the South Hillsboro or Cooper Mountain developments.  Then reality hit the city council members of Hillsboro who voted for the latest SIP. 

     The road building necessary to accommodate Intel employees to move them from home to office is beyond Hillsboro's fiscal capacity.  With every new resident comes a demand for public services - roads, public safety, schools, libraries, sewers and water.  Who pays for this vital infrastructure?  Well it's local taxpayers not corporations who get tax abatements for decades.  So when the pander bears in the Puzzlel Palace get all abuzz about the "job creators" there's a cost shift from corporate Oregon to you and me. 

     And just to make you feel better these corporations pay little to no state income taxes. 

     The part of this "puzzle" which doesn't equate is why would down state Ds and Rs support such corporate giveaways?  It does nothing for their communities.  It actually makes the urban/rural divide wider in Oregon!  So at the midway point in the current session we've kicked the can on tax reform remaining stuck with the long term negative impact of Measure 5 and the personal kicker while the leadership cheery picks issues to show leadership on for example a "clean fuels" bill which does nothing to end dirty deisel. 

     Despite the "good guys" having power, the more things change, the more they stay the same.  The result is an invisible banality of evil. 

     It gets worse.  The number one problem in the USA and world is "income inequality."  In the USA it fuels the marginalising of a once robust middle class, in the developing world it fuels civil wars and ethnic cleansing.  So things in the USA are good, right?  Then why is there a national movement for a $15/hour minimum wage?  But don't expect our legislators to move a muscle on this issue which would do more to end poverty in Oregon than any safety net program we "do gooder" advocates support.  

     Those in favor of this idea got their "hearing" in the Puzzle Palace Monday but like a friend of mine who testified Wednesday on the toxicity of lead emissions from general aviation airplanes - they will get this answer - "you've given us a lot to think about."   This patronizing comment is in effect saying your idea is DOA.  However, the advocates of the $15/hour minimum wage have another option - to take the issue to the ballot since the folks in the Puzzle Palace are AWOL on this and so many other issues.  

     The Democratic leadership in Salem is like a coach in the second half sitting on a lead.  That's a prescription for defeat.  You don't sit on a lead you build on it.  Otherwise what's the point of being the majority party?  




Homeless/Hungry in the Grove      EDITOR'S NOTE:  I got the e-mail (below) Monday. 

     My question is why is there hunger, at all, in Oregon?  Why do 1 in 4 children in Oregon grow up in poverty?  Why are there so many homeless families in Oregon, 20,000 or more?  Why is unemployment in the non-Metro Oregon - the "other Oregon" still higher than the state average now a historic low of 5.4%.  Why is poverty partly an urban/rural divide? 

Longterm joblessness remains elevated in Oregon, despite falling unemployment rate

     The answer is that the folks in the Puzzle Palace with a working super majority are unwilling to get corporate Oregon to pay its fair share.  Instead when corporate lobbyists wave the bloody flag of "jobs"  legislators on both sides of the aisle "pimp" for them lavishing their clients with tax breaks galore.  It doesn't matter which party is in power, nothing really changes!  Until we get tax reform and end Meassure 5 as we "know it" along with putting the fork into the personal kicker - we will always have hunger in Oregon! 

     It's time for groups like "Partners" to "talk truth to power" instead of being beggars for the most vulnerable Oregonians.   But without poverty the bureaucrats of the safety net would be out of a job.  Hence the "conspiracy of silence" about how to get beyond band aid approaches to poverty.  Legislators are  complicit in this charade.  They claim we have limited resources.  Bull shit - what we have is limited political will.  When one is bought and paid for via campaign contributions by the highest bidders we know the game is rigged. 

     By contrast there is no limit to tax breaks for the 1%, corporate Oregon or banks too big to fail! 

Corporation Tells Truth About Tax Subsidy


Partners for a Hunger Free Oregon


Dear Russ,

We are thrilled to announce that 30,000 Oregon 
children will have better access to nutritious lunch! 

On Thursday, April 9, Governor Brown signed a measure eliminating the school lunch copay. Children and families who are eligible for the reduced-price rate will no longer have to worry about paying for school lunch.

The ability for kids to eat a healthy, nutritious lunch every day, free of charge is foundational for their academic success, and benefits us all.

Join us in celebrating our biggest win of the legislative session thus far!
Because of Partners like you, we're able to advocate for legislation that improves the health and future of Oregon's children. 

Thank you for your support!

Patti Whitney-Wise
Executive Director